Security Guard Career
A security guard or security officer is, usually, a privately-employed person
who is employed to protect property and/or people. Usually security guards are
uniformed and act to protect property by maintaining a high visibility presence
and observing (either directly, through patrols, or by watching alarm systems or
video cameras) for signs of crime, fire or disorder; then taking action and/or
reporting any incidents to their client, employer and emergency services as
The security officer motto is to "detect, deter, observe and report."
Security officers are not normally required to make arrests (but has the
authority to make a citizens arrest) or otherwise act as police officers except
in some United States jurisdictions in which the security officer is invested
with arrest powers like those of a county sheriff.
In contrast to the above mentioned motto, a Private Security Officer's actual
primary duty is prevention of crime. Security personnel do enforce company rules
and can act to protect lives and property. In fact, they frequently have a
contractual obligation to provide these actions.
Security Officers are often trained to perform arrests, operate emergency
equipment, perform first aid, CPR, take accurate notes and write effective
reports, and perform other tasks as required by the property they are
protecting. In case of Armed Security Officers who are also called Private
Police Officers , are required to go through additional training mandated by the
state for carrying weapons such as baton , firearms , handcuffing , arrest and
control and pepper spray trainings.
One major economic justification for security guards is that insurance
companies (particularly fire insurance carriers) will give substantial rate
discounts to sites which have a 24-hour presence; for a high risk or high value
venue, the discount can often exceed the money being spent on its security
program. This is because having a security guard on site increases the odds that
any fire will be noticed and reported to the local fire department before a
total loss occurs.
Also, the presence of security guards (particularly in combination with
effective security procedures) tends to diminish "shrinkage," theft, employee
misconduct and safety rule violations, property damage, or even sabotage. Many
casinos hire security guards to protect the money when transferring it from the
casino to the casino's bank.
Security officers also perform access control at building entrances and
vehicle gates by ensuring that employees and visitors display proper passes or
identification before entering the facility. Security officers are often called
upon to respond to minor emergencies (lost persons, lockouts, dead vehicle
batteries, etc.) and to assist in serious emergencies by guiding emergency
responders to the scene of the incident and documenting what happened on an
In case of armed security officers, often they are required to respond like
police officers until situation is under control and / or proper authorities
arrive on the scene.