Configure and maintain your computer and use it more effectively to design and program a web site and make money on the web.

Basic State Machines
A State Machine is a program, logic circuit, or mechanical device, that has a finite number of legal states. For example a traffic control signal can be red, yellow, or green. It can't be red and green. It can't be violet. More ...

Area of a Triangle Calculator
There are three different methods to calculate the area of a triangle depending upon what information you have about the triangle. This application combines all three. More ...

Create a Cool Picture Frame Effect with CSS
By setting the CSS border-color property to a transparent color, and setting the background-origin property to border-box you can create a cool picture frame effect. More ...

Area of an Ellipse Calculator
It's easy to calculate the area of an ellipse because it's similar to calculating the area of a circle ecept instead of Pi times the radius squared, its Pi times the long axis times the short axis. More ...

Introduction to Operating Systems
An operating system is software that acts as an intermediary between a computer user and the computer's applications and hardware. An operating system can be viewed as a resource allocator. Resources might be CPU time, memory space, file storage space, and input/output (I/O) devices. More ...

Fundamental Digital Logic Gates
All the advanced features of the most powerful computers, such as mulicore and parallel processing are done with digital logic. In this article I explain the fundamental concept of digital logic in simple and clear language so that anyone can understand it. More ...

IPv4 to IPv6 Transition With the Dual-Stack Technique
Transition from IPv4 to IPv6 has been slow. If you can't immediately convert all your network hardware to IPv6, the dual-stack technique allows the easiest operation of IPv4 and IPv6 devices on the same network. More ...

IPv6 Address Compressor Expander
Enter the IPv6 address in the top text box. Click on the appropriate button: Omit Leading Zeros, Consolidate Zeros Segments, Expand Zeros Segments, Replace Leading Zeros. The formatted address will appear in the bottom text box. More ...

Inkscape Text on Path
One of the most amazing things Inkscape can do, and one of the easiest, is to place text on a curved path. You can even make the text go in a circle. More ...

The Evolution of Hard Disk Bit Recording
Hard drive technology has continuously improved over the decades, that includes higher storage capacity performance. Part of this improvement has been higher access speeds, but most of the higher storage capacity has been the result of changes in the bit recording methods. More ...

How to Draw an Airplane
Drawing an airplane is much easier if you first construct two-point perspective guidelines. This article shows you how to draw an airplane in ten easy steps. More ...

Inkscpe Snap Controls Bar
some Inkscape users find snap annoying and so they disable it. Other Inkscape user's could not possibly work without snap. You can convert SVG to STL to print 3D models. But to do that you need accuracy that you cannot achieve without snap. More ...

A JavaScript Function That Returns a Function
Its a fad now in JavaScript to code functions that return functions in order to avoid declaring global variables but the procedure is inefficient and unnecessary. More ...

Windows Event Logs for Maintaining or Troubleshooting Your PC
Your PC keeps logs of everything that happens. You can use the information in these logs to help maintain and troubleshoot and your PC. More ...

The Truth About the Second Amendment

In 1775 many Americans were members of clubs called "militia" that met a couple times a year for training. These militia men carried their own firearms and made their own bullets because the states and Congress didn't have the revenue to pay for them.

That's why in 1789 when Congress added the bill of rights to the constitution it included the Second Amendment. The Second Amendment to the United States Constitution reads:

"A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed."

Unless you believe that the Founders' knowledge of grammar and sentence structure was suspect (and what right-thinking person would think that?), the Second amendment, though it does employ a peculiar and sometimes awkward construction called an "absolute," is actually a very straightforward call for the establishment of an armed militia when necessary. It has nothing to do with individual gun "rights" except in that context.

Second Amendment does not guarantee gun rights

Why did Congress not address the rights of individuals to own guns? Because in 1787 when the Bill of Rights was written, most Americans were farmers living in wilderness areas with bears, mountain lions, Wolves, and unfriendly Indians. No one would think to question an individuals right to own a gun. Even today, in states like Alaska, it would be unwise to travel in wilderness areas without a gun.

I am a Vietnam War veteran with with a ribbon for marksmanship with the M16 riffle.