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Stop the Slaughter of Innocents. Congress is bought and paid for by gun lunatics and gun promotion groups. If you want to live in a safe America, help buy Congress back for America. Send a donation to Mayors Against Illegal Guns, 909 Third Avenue, 15th Floor New York, NY 10022

Using the Java Script Array Object

An array is a structure for storing multiple data values. Each value in an array is given an index number. To access a particular data item in an array, use the name of the array and the index number of the particular data item.

Creating an Array

To create an Array, use new keyword. The code shown below creates an array named color that can hold three data items.

var color = new Array(3);

Putting Data into an Array

To enter data into an array, create a series of assignment statements, one for each data item in the array. The code shown below populates the color array with the names of three colors.

color[0] = "red";
color[1] = "green";
color[3] = "blue";

Note that array indexes are zero-based, in other words the index values start with 0 for the first element.

The new keyword is required only when creating an array with object type data. In the previous example we created an array of string objects. The new keyword is not required when creating an array of simple variable types. The code shown below creates and populates an array with integers.

var digit = [1, 2 ,3];

The code shown below creates and populates an array with characters.

var char = ['a', 'b' ,'c'];

Accessing Array Values

To access a particular data item in an array, use the item's index number. The code shown below displays the value of the second data item in the array of characters created above.

alert(char[1]);

Output:

b

To access the entire contents of an array, use the name of the array without an index number. The code shown below displays the value of all the data items in the array of characters.

alert(char);

Output:

a,b,c

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