Find a Career in Product Management
Product management is a broad area of expertise, that involves the planning of a
particular product, its creation, development and distribution to specified markets.
Therefore, product management is involved in all aspects of this product and its life cycle.
Product management would usually make up a team, composed of a sales engineer, a
marketing manager, a product planner and a product marketer. There are companies, however
that employ individualized product managers, instead of a team composed of these four
roles, or a lesser number of workers in the product management team. The important roles
that remain would be the product planner and product marketer.
Product management is essentially composed of two separate disciplines, product
planning and product marketing. These disciplines are quite different in scope and
implementation, but companies usually place them under one directive because one
supposedly continues into the other, and the outcome of each affect each other closely.
Product planning involves distinguishing the product as a necessity, and figuring out
market conditions and demands. All aspects of the product life cycle are addressed and
portfolio of the product is created, based on product differentiation, a process in which
the product's marketability is determined against similar products already being distributed./p>
These are aspects of marketing but still fall into the product planning phase, which
is why many companies lump product planning and marketing together, as product marketing
then follows through with the planned strategies through positioning and implementation.
Many companies have found that although separate planning/development and marketing
departments may work well, the collaborative efforts between the two departments make
sales more effective, which is why many corporations opt to combine the two departments.
Different companies may have different job descriptions for their product managers,
based on the needs and development of each company. Usually, besides overseeing the
development of the product through its life cycle and creating a substantial marketing
plan and implementation, product managers may also take on the roles of project manager,
which entails supervision of the entire production and marketing processes as a project,
and program manager, which includes scheduling and programming the different aspects of
production and marketing according to procedure.
A well-rounded background in business and strategic management or any management
degree, with courses in marketing, advertising, and accounting will do well for a career
in product management, although experience in the field contributes greatly to skill
development. Degrees in behavioral and social sciences are also valued in product
management, as well as degrees in communication and science and technology.