What Is the Android Operating System?
The beginning of the Android operating system is directly related to the company Android
Inc., which was founded by Andy Rubinera, Nick Sears and Chris White in October 2003 in the
city of Palo Alto, California. Initially, the company developed technology fully independent
from other companies and had their projects in absolute secrecy. Among its main objectives
was the development of an advanced operating system for digital cameras.
Later, they realized that the market for such devices was not big enough, so the team
shifted their efforts to produce an operating system for smart phones, thus rivaling other
systems category, such as Symbian, developed by Nokia and Windows Mobile. However, the
lack of investments precluded the smooth progress of the project.
Two years later, on August 17, 2005, Google bought the company and put all Android development
team, led by Andy Rubinera, which became part of the body of members of the company, to work
on a mobile platform based on Linux.
The first steps culminated in November 5, 2007, at the launch of the project entitled
Android, whose goal was to develop a system for mobile devices under the open standard
(standard that is publicly available and has various rights to use associated, and may also
have various properties of how it was designed) and built on the Linux kernel version 2.6.
The Android project is connected to the Open Handset Alliance, which is a consortium of
technology companies consisting of companies like Google, Sony, Samsung, telephone operators
and device manufacturers.
The first device with Android system, the HTC Dream, was released on October 22, 2008
in the United States. [HTC (High Tech Computer Corporation), is a Taiwanese manufacturer
of smartphones and tablets]. Currently the system is at version 4.3 and according to the
company Google has 75% of the smart phone market.
• In total, more than 500 million sets and more than 600 different devices are
using the system. According to Google, the Android system gains no less than one million
new users every day.
To baptize each version, the company decided to give names of desserts. In April 2009,
version 1.5 - or "Cupcake" - introduced auto- correction in the text and also the famous "widgets",
which are still one of the best system functions.