What is the Difference Between NAT and PAT?
By Stephen Bucaro
The main purpose for NAT (Network Address Translation) is to hide internal network
IP addresses from the external Internet for security reasons. It works by mapping
a pool of public IP addresses one-to-one to the private internal IP addresses,
keeping the port number intact.
|Internal Address||External Address|
A port number identifies a specific protocol or process on a host to which a message
or datagram is to be delivered. PAT (Port Address Translation) uses a single public
IP address and maps multiple inside addresses to it by using different port numbers.
Most routers actually use NAPT (Network Address and Port Translation), which translates
not only IP addresses, but also TCP and UDP port numbers.
An additional advantage of NAT is that by allowing multiple computers to connect to
the Internet through a single external IP address it reduces the cost for connecting
to the Internet. It also helped to extend the life of dwindling number of IPv4 addresses
until IPv6 could be implemented.
More Network Troubleshooting and Support Articles:
• Network Management Components - The Basics of an Effective Management Strategy
• Network Maintenance
• Network Change Control System
• Everything You Need To Know About LAN Backbone Cabling
• Troubleshooting the Intermediate System to Intermediate System (IS-IS) Protocol
• How to Choose Work Area Network Cable Faceplate Locations
• Creating a Backup Plan
• Network Schematic Symbols
• Questions to Ask Before Beginning Network Design
• What is Structured Cabling for LANs (Local Area Networks)?