By Stephen Bucaro
but the previous year Netscape had released a programming language called
"Java" that could be used to embed small applications, called "applets" into webpages.
Java could bring boring static webpages to life and its popularity exploded.
As a marketing ploy to play off the success of Java, Netscape renamed LiveScript
programmers persists to this day.
Netscape had released its Navigator Web browser in October 1994, and it
had close to 100% of the market share. At first Microsoft ignored the Internet,
primarily because the Internet was a 32-bit system while their Windows operating
system was 16-bits. But when Windows 95 came out, a "simulated" 32-bit
operating system, Microsoft released Internet Explorer. Internet Explorer was
not totally compatible with Netscape's Navigator, and it used VBScript rather
Sun Microsystems and Netscape combined in April 1995. With the popularity
and immediately began modifying the code so that it would have greater
functionality on Internet Explorer. However, It was Sun's intention that programs
Microsoft releasing noncompliant Java products and corrupting the standard.
but with the greater functionality on Internet Explorer that Microsoft desired,
and named it JScript.
the Web using public were getting very frustrated. With Microsoft having the
dominant operating system, and with Internet Explorer pre-installed, Navigator
began loosing market share.
International Standards Organization ECMA. To help avoid confusion, ECMA
specification. Since then ECMA has released several updates to the standard,
the latest being ECMAScript version 6 released June 2015.
With the Internet being accessed by a multitude of different devices developed
by different manufacturers, there is a great incompatibility in which parts of
the standard a particular device is capable of executing.
code on the specific browsers and devices on which you plan its operation.