AMD's Microarchitectures

Bobcat Microarchitecture

AMD's Bobcat (codename) microarchitecture was released in early 2011 to serve the low-power/low-cost market. It uses 40 nm (nanometer) die technology and has a power dissipation of 18 Watts.

Bobcat core
Bobcat microarchitecture. Image source AMD.

Bobcat features:

64-bit core
Out-of-order execution
Advanced branch predictor
Dual x86 instruction decoder
64-bit integer unit with two ALUs
Floating-point unit with two 64-bit pipes
Single channel 64-bit memory controller
32KB instruction cache
32KB data L1 cache
512KB L2 cache

Bulldozer Microarchitecture

AMD's Bulldozer (codename) microarchitecture was released in October of 2011, to replace the K10 microarchitecture. It uses 32 nm (nanometer) Silicon on insulator (SOI) process technology and has a power dissipation of 125 watts.

Bulldozer core
Bulldozer microarchitecture. Image source AMD.

Bulldozer microarchitecture uses dual-core "modules". Each module has 2 MB of L2 cache 16 KB 4-way of L1d (way-predicted) cache 64 KB of 2-way L1i cache, two ALU (Arithmetic Logic Unit), two AGU (Address Generation Unit), and two symmetrical 128-bit FMAC (fused multiply–add capability) floating-point pipelines.

All modules share the L3 cache as well as an Advanced Dual-Channel Memory Sub-System (IMC - Integrated Memory Controller).

Jaguar Microarchitecture

AMD's Jaguar (codename) microarchitecture was released in mid 2013 as an improvement to the Bobcat microarchitecture. It was designed for tablets, notebooks, and embedded applications like PlayStation Xbox. It uses 28 nm (nanometer) die technology and has a power dissipation of 6 Watts.

Jaguar core
Jaguar microarchitecture. Image source AMD.

Jaguar features:

32 KiB instruction + 32 KiB data L1 cache
16 way, 1-2 MiB unified L2 cache shared by two or four cores
Out-of-order execution and Speculative execution
Integrated memory controller
Two-way integer execution
Two-way 128-bit wide floating-point and packed integer execution
Integrated Fusion controller hub chipset

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• Basic Computer Architecture
• Expanding the Resources of Microcontrollers
• Learn Assembly Language Programming on Raspberry Pi 400
• Interrupt Request Lines (IRQs)
• The Motherboard Chipset
• Direct Memory Access (DMA)
• Binary Floating-Point Numbers
• Microcontroller Registers