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Using the Java Script eval() Function

The Java Script eval() function accepts a string argument. If the string is an expression, i.e. numbers (may be literal or variable names) and operators that evaluates to a single value, eval() evaluates the expression. If the string contains JavaScript statements, i.e. commands or functions, eval() executes the statements.

Shown below is the syntax of the eval() function:

eval(string)

Shown below is an example of code that uses eval() to evaluate an expression:

<script type="text/javascript">

var num = 3;
var res = eval(num * 4);
alert(res);

</script>

You might think that you could easily code a calculator by submitting the contents of a form text box directly as an argument to the eval function, but this would not be a good idea because eval also executes the statements. For example the XMLHttpRequest function used in Ajax development gives access to the server.

Shown below is an example of code that uses eval() to execute statements:

<script type="text/javascript">

eval("min=0; max=3; document.write(Math.floor(Math.random() * (max - min + 1) + min))");

</script>

In the code above, a string containing the Math objects .random() function and .floor() function, and the document's .write() function is passed to the eval() function. The eval() function executes the code in the string which generates a random number between 0 and 3 and writes it to the document.

More Java Script Code:
• The Screen Object
• Find a Character or a Substring Within a String
• Java Script alert Message Box
• The if/else Structure
• Determine Absolute Value
• Java Script Include a Backslash Character in a String
• Java Script Character Encoding and Decoding
• The Java Script window.open Method
• The Browsers History Object
• The break Statement

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